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Thoughts, news, insights and sometimes just random musings.

WCAG: 1.2.6 Sign Language (Prerecorded)

What does this compliance item mean? Captions are helpful for those with auditory impairments, and audio (spoken) descriptions are very helpful as video descriptors. However, sign language adds much more depth to the media; it has expression, personality, and dynamics that simply aren't possible with captions or audio descriptions. This level of co...
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WCAG: 1.2.7 Extended Audio Description (Prerecorded)

Consider these scenarios: Imagine that you're a person experiencing visual impairment. You're a student at a prestigious law school, and you're watching a recording of last week's lecture that was posted online. You have a test next week, and while watching the video you can hear the professor, but you're unable to see what she's writing on the boa...
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WCAG: 1.2.8 Media Alternative (Prerecorded)

​What a Media Alternative Means A lot of this Level AAA mandate is a bit redundant if you provided a text description. This mandate is much more in-depth and requires that all audible and visual cues be described in sync with the media. Since a lot of this is already covered, we'll go into a bit more technical detail on how to embed something like ...
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WCAG: 1.2.9 Audio-only (Live)

As part of our mini-project to cover different aspects of WCAG 2.0 in a way that people can understand, this item helps people partake in events that are audio-only (no video). ​We've already covered adding captions to live video broadcasts here . This mandate is extremely similar, except sans video. To keep this short and sweet, the best way to do...
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WCAG: 1.3.6 Identify Purpose

Sure, we know you put a lot of work into the design and layout of your website, but what works for some won't always work for everyone. Users with certain cognitive limitations may wish to personalize or standardize user interfaces in order to make a page more familiar and easily comprehensible. Accordingly, the rule discussed in this post asks tha...
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WCAG: 1.4.6 Contrast (Enhanced)

In our article for WCAG 1.4.3  we talked about the minimum color contrast ratio required to ensure that any text on your site sufficiently stands out against the background. In this post, we will discuss a higher standard for color contrast. Level AA vs. Level AAA ​ All of this WCAG stuff is broken down into different conformance levels, descr...
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WCAG: 1.4.7 Low or No Background Audio

If your site features audio of someone speaking, you need to make sure any background noise on the track does not drown out the speech in the foreground, as those who are hard of hearing may have a difficult time understanding the clip. Keep It Down! ​ Thankfully, the fixes for this one are pretty straightforward. The easiest solution, of course, i...
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WCAG: 1.4.8 Visual Presentation

Blocks of Text Wading through unbroken blocks of text on a site is about as enjoyable as watching 57 uninterrupted hours of mid-1980s spelling bee recaps. They may also prove difficult or impossible to read for those who are experiencing low vision or have cognitive, language, or learning disabilities. Adjustable Colors ​ Users should be able to se...
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WCAG: 1.4.9 Images of Text (Not the Worst, but not the Best)

In our Pulitzer prize-winning blog post regarding WCAG 1.4.5 , we talked about why you should usually avoid using images of text on your site. As we explained there, those experiencing visual impairment may need to adjust the text and its background, including color and font size, in order to be able to read and understand it. Accordingly, you shou...
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WCAG 2.1.3: Keyboard (No Exception)

In our post for WCAG 2.1.1 , we discussed why it's important for your site to be keyboard accessible. In a nutshell, some experiencing visual or physical limitations rely on keyboards and keyboard emulators to navigate the Internet. Wherever possible, your site's functionality should not require users to hold down a key for an extended period of ti...
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WCAG 2.2.3: No Timing Whatsoever

This post deals with the same issue we talked about in WCAG 2.2.1 Time Adjustable . Like we discussed previously, time-dependent content may pose issues for those experiencing certain visual, physical, or cognitive limitations. Whereas WCAG 2.2.1 recommends options that would allow users to control the time limits associated with this content, comp...
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WCAG 2.2.4: Interruptions

Imagine, for a moment, that you're on a beautiful desert island. You're sitting in a beach chair, watching the waves come in, and contemplating WCAG compliance. Just as you're on the brink of a major breakthrough with regard to website accessibility, a roving pack of insurance salesmen start throwing sand at you and telling you that, in all likelih...
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WCAG 2.2.5: Re-Authenticating (Keepin’ it Real)

As important as data security is, someone experiencing certain physical or cognitive limitations may run into trouble using an authenticated site. If they're on a page with a timed session, they may be automatically logged off for security reasons before they are able to finish what they want to do. For this reason, WCAG 2.2.5 dictates that anyone ...
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WCAG 2.2.6: Timeouts

Let's say for a moment that you're in the market for some quality mustache wax. [Source: https://www.beardbrand.com/collections/mustache-wax/products/spiced-citrus-mustache-wax ] You find the type of wax you want and start to go through the checkout process on the company's website, when suddenly your waxless, wildly unkempt mustache starts to tick...
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WCAG 2.3.1: Three Flashes, or Below Threshold

If you've been following along and you're still with us (hi there!), we're now moving onto Guideline 2.3, which goes over how to avoid designing content that may cause seizures or other physical reactions. In this post, we'll talk about flashes. WCAG 2.3.1 asks that your site not contain any features that flash more than three times per second, as ...
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WCAG 2.3.2: Three Flashes

This post, as with our last article on WCAG 2.3.1 , deals with flashing content and the danger it poses to those prone to seizures. Whereas WCAG 2.3.1 describes the Level A standard for flashing content, this rule describes the AAA level. In other words, if you want your site to meet this guideline, it'll be a higher bar to clear. The chance for se...
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WCAG 2.3.3: Animation from Interactions

Look, we all want to trick out our websites with cool effects, but sometimes adding complex visual elements can cause problems for user operability, no matter how dope they may be. In our post on WCAG 2.2.2 Pause, Stop, Hide , we discussed animation that initiates automatically on web pages. Here, we'll talk about animation that a user might trigge...
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WCAG 2.4.8: Location

If a user is navigating through a set of pages on your site, they should have access to information allowing them to orient themselves (locate where they are within that set of pages). Let's imagine, for example, that you've settled on a suitable yacht and are now unsure what to do with the rest of the money you earned in the cheese competition. As...
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WCAG 2.4.9: Link Purpose (Link Only)

In our post on WCAG 2.4.4 Link Purpose (In Context) , we discussed why it's important that users be able to figure out the purpose of a link appearing on your site. Either from the text of the link itself, or additionally from the context of where it appears on your page, users should be capable of figuring out where a link would lead so that they ...
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WCAG 2.4.10: Section Headings (Right Here, Buddy)

If you've been on the internet before, you've seen a section heading. If you have a page of text that is organized into different sections, descriptive headings will help provide organizational clarity for everyone who visits your site. [Source: Wordpress] Benefits of Section Headings In addition to being an intuitive way to organize your site, the...
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